General courts have jurisdiction over all probate cases and certifications, and similar cases outside the jurisdiction of other courts, notarial offices, and the Board of Grievances; especially the following:
• Cases related to property, such as disputes over ownership or property-related rights, damage from the property or its users, values for facilities, eviction, rent, contribution to the property, prevention of acquisition or recovery of property, and similar cases, unless the law states otherwise.
• Issuance of title or waqf deeds.
• Cases arising from traffic accidents or the violations stated in Traffic Law and implementing regulations.
General courts in governorates and sub-governorates where there is no specialized court shall be competent to hear all probate cases, claims, certifications, and similar cases within the specialized jurisdiction, unless otherwise decided by the Supreme Judicial Council.
The general court also has criminal jurisdiction where there is no criminal court, unless otherwise decided by the Supreme Judicial Council.
General court panels shall consist of one or three judges, as determined by the Supreme Judicial Council.
General courts in regions consist of specialized panels, including panels for probate certifications and similar cases (outside the jurisdiction of other courts), a panel for adjudicating cases arising from traffic accidents and the violations stated in the Traffic Law and its implementing regulations, and panels for summary cases.